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How to read informations from the clothing labels?
What do labels say? While buying new clothes we rarely pay attention to informations given on them. What’s more, the most often we cut them off right after bringing the shopping home. But the ability to read the informations given by producers on labels is very useful. How should we do it? Is there an easy way to understand these „encrypted” data?
Picture writing is not the conventional type of writing in our country and today’s world, but if you learn to read different kinds of symbols, your everyday life could be easier. Pictures like these occur in various places: on road signs, food, cosmetics and also on labels sewn to clothes. When it comes to the last ones, they can cause a lot of problems: labels sewn on the neck or side seam often disturb us while wearing all kinds of clothing pieces. What is more – they are made from inflexible material which scratches and irritates the skin, so naturally before the first use we get rid of them. That’s understood – we want to feel comfortable in our clothes. But from the other side that’s the reason of accelerated destruction of these products.
We can all recall at least one situation like washing a blouse in too high temperature, breaking the structure of a delicate material (as a result of spinning in the washing machine) or burning it with an iron. All these cases happen when we don’t really know how the specific material should be treated. It turns out that carefully reading labels is the only thing needed to keep our clothes in an excellent condition for a long time.
First thing which we can read from the label is the type of material (or materials) used to produced a given clothing. It’s good to check it in the shop before buying – some people are allergic to specific fabrics. Some other materials are well known to be low-quality ones: clothes made of them tend to loose their original shape or change their color fast. It’s always the best to use natural fabrics or these with a little percentage of synthetic additives. Artficial materials block our skin’s breathing what makes us sweat more and feel less comfortable – what’s why it’s perfect to decide on clothes mostly made from wool or cotton. Wool has the warm-isolating properties what makes it wonderful for winter clothing, e. g. coats. Cotton is the most often used in the textile industry as a raw material for T-shirts, shirts or trousers. There are also fabrics mixes in clothes – the percentage of each material should be clearly stated on the label. The most often used synthetic materials are polyamide (or nylon, cordura), poliester (CoolMax), acrylic, polyurethane elastomer (elastane, lycra, spandex) and polypropylene (endurofil, prolene).
Another very important matter which the labels tell us is the way to take care of the specific product. The method of washing is fundamental here. The crossed out water bowl means that the piece mustn’t be wet washed – the only way to make it clean again is using a dry sponge, brush or taking the product to the chemical laundry place. A sign of a hand in a water bowl is an advice to wash the product only by hand (in water under 40 deegres). The last but probably the most often occuritng symbol is a bowl with the temperature value e. g. 30, 40 or 60 deegres. It means that we can wash the piece of clothing in different temperatures but not higher than the given one.
After washing clothes should be dried and possibly ironed. Instructions about these matters we can also find on the labels sewed to our clothes. One dot in a square means that is is possible to dry the product in a dryer in low temperature. The same sign but with two dots says that material can be dried in normal temperature (that is around 50 degrees). A vertical line in a square tells us to dry the product only carefully hung. The crossed iron symbol is quite easy to read – that’s an information that the specific material must not be ironed at all. An iron with one dot warns us of using a hot iron with this product: we can use only maximum 110 degrees, best without steam. Two dots on an iron lets us use a little higher temperature – we can turn our device to 150 degrees. The same sigh but with three dots means that fabric used to produce our piece of clothing should be ironed in a very high temperature – up to 200 degrees.